A List of the Slaves belonging to his Majesty’s Bagnio at Tangiers

A List of the Slaves belonging to his Majesty’s Bagnio1 at Tangiers

Hammet of Tunis                                 
Haggi Hammett of Susa                       
Shahiri of Constantinople                     
Abdella of Algiers                                 
Mahomet of Aleppo                             
Hammet of Bibsheg                              
Hammet of Giggeri                               
Fetta of Algiers                                       
Haggi Abai                                             
Mahomet of Constantinople                 
Hallil of Adana                                       
Ussain of Cipri                                       
Ibrahim of Constantinople                     
Hassan of Constantinople                     
Alli of Alexandria                                   
Mustapha of Rumellia                             
Dominico Neopolitano                           
Ramadani of Smyrna                               
Bedell of Adalia                                       
Sellim of Medelli                                     
Ismael of Caisheri                                   
Alli of Santa Lia                                         
Mustapha of Algiers                                 
Murat of Smirna                                       
Haggi Hammet of Algiers                          
Babbanebed di Smyrna                             
Hammet di Sally                                       
Hammett di Alexandria
Hammet of Smyrna                               
Vely of Constantinople
Haggi Hammett of Damiatta                   
Hosman of Negroponte
Abdrohaman of Negroponte                   
Alli of Cipri                                             
Sahadedin of Damiatta                             
Hamett of Boinae                                     
Mahomet of Smyrna                                
Zefer of Bursac                                       
Mahomet of Tripoli                                 
Alli of Santa Maura                                     
Hosman of Rhodes                                   
Mahomet of Constantinople                   
Alli of Smyrna
Ahomet of Smyrna
Ahomet of Constantinople 
Alli of Constantinople 
Mahomet of Constantinople 
of Damiatta
Hallil of Smyrna
Ahomet of Tripoli
Shaban of Santa Maura
Alli of Tripoli Soria
Mahomet of Constantinople 
Alli of Tunis
Salem of Tripoli
Mahomet of Satalia
Mahomet of Adrianpoli
Alli of Bona
Hassan of Bossina
Hammett of Grand Cairo
Haggi Issuff of Algiers
Cassum of Algiers
Mahomet of Bona
Hammet of Bossiniae
Hassan of Alexandria
Bravin of Bossina
Cassum of Rinnellia
Giovanni of Angola
Mustapha of Algiers
John, the Father
John, the Son
These are humbly to certify that upon this day were delivered into my custody by the honorable Sir Palmes Fairborne, His Majesty’s Commander in Chief here the seventy-nine slaves above written, being pursuant to an order3 of the honorable the Navy Board for the said slaves being transferred to me for the service of His Majesty’s mole.4  Witness my hand, Henry Sheres
Sir Palmes Fairborne has delivered Mr. Sheres the galley slaves [ illegible ] gave them the profit of their work [ illegible ].  Will transmit an account of his imbursements for them.  Tangier, February 20, 1676
Tangiers, February 20, 1676.   A List and Receipt for 79 Slaves 
133, 134
  • 1. The OED defines Bagnio as “an oriental prison, a place of detention for slaves, a penal establishment;” however, the Tangier bagnio has been described more as a “prisoner-of-war camp.” In 1680, three hundred slaves were housed there. Robert Latham and William Matthews, eds., The Diary of Samuel Pepys, vol. 10 “Companion,” (Berkeley, 2000), 410.
  • 2. It is difficult to establish beyond doubt the identity of these New England Indian captives. However, some of them may be of those eleven Hassanemesits taken by Capt. Samuel Mosely and sent to Boston in late August 1675, James Acompanet, Daniel Munups, John Cquasquaconet, John Asquenet, and Watapaoson alias Joseph Spoorant. Samuel Gardiner Drake, Biography and History of the Indians of North America, 4th Edition (Boston, 1835), 79.
  • 3. Warrant to the Lords of Admiralty (1676.12.16.00).
  • 4. Sir John Lawson drew up plans for a defensive harbor at Tangiers that included a v-shaped stone pier or breakwater called “the mole” made with the stone from a nearby ledge. Construction started in 1663 under the supervision of engineer-general Hugh Cholmley and, in 1669, his assistant Henry Sheres, who later replaced Cholmley in 1676.  Workers blasted the ledge with explosives buried in mines dug underneath it and bound the rock together with cement, which was then placed  in large wooden chests and dumped into the sea.   The mole in 1683 was 1438 feet long, 110 ft wide, and 18 feet high, consisting of over 10,000 tons of rock.  After the Moors reclaimed the town in 1683, officials were directed to dismantle the mole, a task which took 2000 men working for five months to accomplish.   E. M. Routh, Tangier: England’s Lost Atlantic Outpost, 1661-1684 (London, 1912)  141, 214, 248-249; Helen Andrews Kaufman, Tangier at High Tide: The Journal of John Luke, 1670-1673 (Geneva, 1958) ; “Tangier Breakwater and the use of Trass,” Cement Age, vol. 6 (April 1908), 399-400.